The United Nations Industrial Development Organisation says it has received the sum of US$17.8m from the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer.
The fund, UNIDO said, is to support projects aimed at ensuring that developing countries meet climate change action plans.
This was disclosed in a statement by the officer in charge of UNIDO Montreal Protocol Division, Ole Nielsen, in Vienna on Friday.
He noted that the funding was approved following a successfully organised two inter-sessional approval processes after the UN agency submitted project proposals.
The UNIDO official said in addition to the tranches of ongoing hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) Phase-Out Management Plans (HPMPs), the MLF approved new stages of the HPMPs for 15 countries that include Afghanistan, Albania, Botswana, Ecuador, Gambia, Guatemala, Honduras, Malawi, Montenegro, Nicaragua, Rwanda, Serbia, Turkmenistan, Uganda and Zambia.
Nielson noted that in December 2020, the MLF also approved UNIDO’s proposal for the first HPMP for Syria, which until now was the only remaining ‘Article-5 country’ without an approved HPMP.
He explained that HPMPs are sector-wide programmes designed to help countries gradually reduce their use of HCFCs, which destroys the earth’s protective ozone layer and contribute to global greenhouse gas emissions.
“Each HPMP is unique and the funding received from the MLF allows UNIDO to implement a wide range of activities in support of ozone protection and climate action.
“Overall, the ambitious portfolio of projects approved by the MLF for implementation by UNIDO indicates that, while 2020 was a challenging year, there is still a strong commitment to safeguarding the environment on a global level and vast opportunities to build back better,” Nielson said.
According to the UN Environment Programme, the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is a global agreement to protect the Earth’s ozone layer by phasing out the chemicals that deplete it.
It explained that the phase-out plan includes both the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances, adding that the landmark agreement was signed in 1987, and entered into force in 1989.
The UN agency noted that parties to the protocol meet once a year to make decisions aimed at ensuring the successful implementation of the agreement.
“These decisions include adjusting or amending the Protocol, which has been done six times since its creation.
“The most recent amendment, which is the Kigali Amendment, called for the phase-down of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) in 2016.
“The HFCs were used as replacements for a batch of ozone-depleting substances eliminated by the original Montreal Protocol. Although they do not deplete the ozone layer, they are known to be powerful greenhouse gases and, thus, contributors to climate change,” it stated.
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